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Joseph T. Hazard - Snow Sentinels of the Pacific Northwest

p. 13: The Olympic Mountains were named in 1788 by the English explorer John Meares, but the eastern range stretching from the Canadian border through Washington and Oregon was not formally named for many years. George Vancouver named four dominant peaks of the range, Baker, Rainier, St Helens and Hood, in 1792, but not the range that gave them a background. He referred to it in his journal by one of three titles, "eastern snowy range," "ridge of snowy mountains," or "range of rugged mountains." Lewis and Clark, in 1805-06, referred to them as the "western mountains covered with snow." John Work of the Hudson's Bay Company, in 1824, contented himself with "a ridge of high mountains covered with snow." According to Dr. Edmund S. Meany, botanist David Douglas was the first to use the name Cascade Range. Dr. Meany believed that Douglas had probably heard others use the name. In 1825-26 the rapids on the Columbia River just west of Mt Hood were known as the Cascades. The Cascade Range probably came naturally to designate the mountains that stretched north and south of the Cascades.

p. 14: "Man has a natural longing for things out of season," writes the author. This may explain the unique attraction of the mountains of the Northwest, with their summer snows. "They are both an anomaly and a contradition. Snowfields with flowers! Glaciers that are warm and comfortable! Snowfingers and cornices that give easy approaches and secure observation platforms for the most stupendous panoramas! We have them all! Ours is snow with infinite variety, comfortable snow, vacation snow, gala playfields!"

p. 15: The eight snow sentinels of the Northwest are Mount Olympus, Mount Garibaldi, Mount Baker, Glacier Peak, Mount Rainier, Mount St Helens, Mount Adams, and Mount Hood. The author devotes a section of the book to each.

p. 44: On August 26, 1931 the highway encircling the Olympic Peninsula was completed and opened for public use.

p. 130: The author describes Snoqualmie Pass as the mountain home of the Commonwealth Ski Club, the Seattle Ski Club, and The Mountaineers.

p. 173: A.H. Denman of the Tacoma Mountaineers organized a winter outing to Longmire Springs in Rainier National Park from December 28, 1912 to January 1, 1913. The author describes these annual outings briefly, but offers less information than in his later article (pnq-1953-jan-p7). He writes: "For more than ten years no other organization seemed interested. Then the National Park Service awoke to the charm of winter, and developments followed rapidly. Now National Park Inn, at Longmire, and Paradise Lodge, at Paradise Valley, are kept open all winter."

p. 198: "Spirit Lake and Mount St Helens are now open to the public all the year around... The [Mount St Helens] Lodge attendent meets all visitors with skis and snowshoes and escorts them from snowline to the lake. This season [1931-32], the growing popularity of the new winter sports region demands advance reservation."

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Last Updated: Fri Dec 6 12:13:26 PST 2002